DOES THE WASTE PROBLEM HAVE A STORY END?
Indonesia has been struggling with waste management problems for a long time. Based on data from the 2020 Waste Management Performance Achievement by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry from 275 regencies/cities throughout Indonesia, waste generated annually reaches 33.1 million. From a large amount of waste, unmanaged waste reached 40.7%. This amount is quite a lot to be homework that must be completed.
Many piles of untreated waste also come from households. Based on the data, there is 38% of household waste from the total amount of untreated waste. Waste that is not managed correctly can be a severe threat to the environment and public health. There have been many stories of piles of waste that have had a terrible impact. One of the ironic events was the landslide of a mountain of waste at the Cileungsi TPA, which claimed lives. Because of this incident, February 21 was later commemorated as National Waste Commemoration Day, hoping that the harmful effects caused by landfills would not be repeated.
Then, is this waste problem not taken seriously?
This question can be answered quickly. Of course, all parties, the government and the community, pay great attention to this problem. Indonesia has a target of reducing waste by 30% by 2025. However, to achieve this target, has the effort been maximized?
The problem of waste and all its drama has undoubtedly received much attention. However, there are not many sustainable waste management programs that can significantly reduce waste accumulation.
That’s what BANANA & Partners is here for.
In addition to eliminating pessimism about the waste problem, BANANA & Partners also wants to create sustainable waste management and processing ecosystem that is healthy, environmentally friendly and positively impacts society. BANANA & Partners offers the Home-based Recycling Center (PANDORA) as a solution to deal with the enormous amount of waste.
PANDORA is a centre for waste processing and producing various products such as composite materials and renewable energy owned by BANANA & Partners. In one pandora, there are several technologies, including plastic machines, FAME machines, and carbonized. We can produce FAME, biochar/charcoal, disinfectant, press plastic and shredded plastic. The largest production capacity is cooking oil into biodiesel at 400 L per day and plastic at 3 tons per day.
BANANA & Partners work together to process waste into environmentally friendly energy products. BANANA & Partners collects waste from the community; then, it is further processed to be used as energy in the form of biochar.
Waste into energy
On the other hand, it’s like crossing two or three islands once; BANANA & Partners simultaneously wants to reduce dependence on fossil energy. Based on a press release from the Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources of the Republic of Indonesia, Arifin Tasrif, on October 22, 2020, it was explained that an energy transition is essential. In the next nine years, this relates to oil, natural gas will run out in 22 years, and coal will run out in the next 65 years. Meanwhile, Indonesia currently has an energy source capacity of 70.96 GW with 35.36% coal, 19.36% natural gas, 34.38% from petroleum, and only 10.9% from new and renewable energy.
BANANA & Partners strives to provide clean, environmentally friendly energy that the community can reuse. An example is the use of used cooking oil for biodiesel energy products. In 2019, Indonesia produced a sizeable waste of used cooking oil, reaching 13 million tons. This figure is significant because it is only below the European Union, which produces 22.7 million tons, America produces 16 million tons, and India produces 23 million tons.
The abundant use of waste and used cooking oil in Indonesia can reduce Indonesia’s dependence on fossil energy in Indonesia. Waste that is converted into biochar and used cooking oil converted into diesel oil can reduce fossil energy needs, which are still very high.
BANANA & Partners collected waste in the form of waste and used cooking oil from the community; then, it is further processed as energy in the form of biochar and diesel oil. In this process, BANANA & Partners also prioritize environmentally friendly processing processes. The technology used is called carbonized. Benefits that our Carbonizer technology namely can provide:
- Zero Emissions: without emitting dioxins, furans and sulfur oxides
- It is easy to operate and suitable for mixed waste: it does not require special operating skills and does not require complicated separation processes
- Cost Saving: production costs only need less than IDR 290,000 per one ton of waste.
- Providing clean energy: products include charcoal, ash, clean water, synthetic gas, and heat. The wider community and industry can directly use charcoal.
- Fast process: carbonization only takes 2 to 3 hours to treat the waste.
Circular Economy for Sustainable Waste Management
With the technology that BANANA & Partners has, the solution to the waste problem is at hand. However, we need a concept to make the solution to this waste and energy management system sustainable.
BANANA & Partners designed the circular economy concept to address this challenge. The circular economy ecosystem is built in the form of PANDORA. This step begins with the management of waste collected from the community and B2B services, either with companies, institutions, or Village-Owned Enterprises (BUMDes). There are also community empowerment programs for waste collection in waste and used cooking oil, such as Pay with Waste, Healthy Use Waste, Smart Use Waste, and Alms Use Waste. The collected waste, both organic and inorganic, is processed using the carbonized technology that we created to produce new products that are competitive in the market and are renewable.